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PARKS AND TRIBES

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100 FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT ECUADOR

 

Top 100 Fun & Interesting Facts About Ecuador

  1. Geography

  2. History

  3. 7 Climate zones

  4. Population of Ecuador

  5. Economy

  6. Smallest OPEC country

  7. World largest Shrimp production

  8. Flowers important export product

  9. Important tourism destination

  10. Capital and Old Town Quito

  11. Colonial Old Town Cuenca

  12. Indigenous Market Town Otavalo

  13. Ingapirca

  14. Crucero Train

  15. Central Andes Valley

  16. 68 Areas National Parks System

  17. 5 World Heritage Sites

  18. Galapagos National Park

  19. Cuyabeno National Park

  20. Cajas National Park

  21. Churute mangroves Reserve

  22. Machalilla National Park

  23. Vicunas at Chimborazo National Park

  24. Cotopaxi National Park

  25. 75+ Museums; 40+ in Ecuador

  26. New Quito Airport Mariscal Sucre

  27. Outdoors activities capital Banos

Interesting facts about Ecuador: Geography

Ecuador is a small country in South America, with an area of 276,841 km2, which is about the size of Colorado in the United States and half the size of France. Despite its small size, Ecuador is home to a variety of interesting facts, culture, and products. One of the unique features of Ecuador is its accessibility by bus. Most destinations within the country can be reached within a day's trip by bus, and the more upscale bus services offer comfortable travel options at affordable prices. In addition to bus travel, daily flights are also available to all major cities in Ecuador, allowing for getting to other cities with flights of only 30-45 minutes. If you're interested in learning more about Ecuador, check out our list of 100 interesting facts about Ecuador. You can find information on a variety of topics, including culture, history, and the principal products of Ecuador.

 

 

As the second largest city of the after Ecuador's industrial Guayaquil, Quito is the main hub for traveling within the country, both by air and by bus. Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport services most major cities and provincial towns on a daily basis. Guayaquil and the national harbor Manta, have flights every 2 hours or so.

 

The country is divided into three distinct regions: the coastal lowlands, the Andean mountains, and the Amazon lowlands. The Andean mountains, which are part of the Andes Mountain Range, are home to the highest peak in Ecuador, the Chimborazo, which stands at an elevation of 6,267 meters above sea level. Despite being lower in elevation above than Mount Everest, the world's highest peak, Mount Chimborazo is actually further away from the center of the earth due to the earth being slightly wider at the equator. The Andes Mountain Range is known for its high levels of geological activity, such as earthquakes, thermal springs, and active volcanoes. In addition to the Andes, another geologically active region of Ecuador is are Galapagos Islands, about 1000km east in the Pacific Ocean.

 

Climatically, Ecuador has 9 different climate zones, with some of the world's highest rainfall along the North-western and all of the Eastern Andes slopes. By contrast is has semi desert conditions along the southern coast. Temperatures vary from tropically hot along the coast and in the Amazon to polar on the glaciers of the mountains. The Central valley of the Andes is particularly comfortable with a permanently spring-like climate.  Click here for details on the climate zones and weather.

 

Fun facts about Ecuador: History

An advanced indigenous culture in Ecuador flourished long before the area was conquered by the Inca Empire and learn many other fun facts about Ecuador.  Still about a dozen languages are spoken besides the official Spanish  language and the widely spoken Inca language Quichua. For a brief period of time, Ecuador was part of the Inca empire until the Spanish overthrew Inca rule in 1533. Ingapirca, a World Cultural Heritage Site, is the most northern remaining Inca fortress after most pre-colonial buildings have destroyed by the Spanish.

 

It is an interesting but not a fun fact about the history of Ecuador: Much of the indigenous population was wiped out by disease brought over with the Spanish conquerors, as well as by cruel treatment as many natives were forced into the "encomienda" labor system for Spanish landlords. In 1563, Quito became the seat of a royal "audiencia" (administrative district) of Spain and formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717, which combined today's Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador. During this period, many great churches were built in Quito. In 1822, the territory declared independence as Gran Colombia. In 1830 Ecuador split off from the federation. Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors and several border issues remained in dispute. In 1999 all disputes were resolved after a brief border war with Peru in 1995 had set off negotiations under the guidance of Brazil, Argentina, Chile and the USA. The country now has enjoyed almost 4 decades of democracy, although civil unrest and major protests have led to the ouster of three of Ecuador's last four democratically elected Presidents. Lenin Moreno is the current president.

 

The Flag of Ecuador.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Ecuador flag

Interesting fact: Population of Ecuador

In 2021, the population was 17.89 million, a third of which living in the two largest cities: capital Quito, with a population of 1.9 million people and Ecuador's harbor Guayaquil with 3 million inhabitants in 2021. The largest ethnic group are Mestizos, (mixed Amerindians and Europians), making up 72%; 7% are Amerindian, while people of  African descent, mainly in the provinces of Imbabura and Esmeraldas, making up 7%; Caucasians 12.  Although Ecuadorians originally were traditionally heavily concentrated in the mountainous central Andes valley, nowadays half the population Ecuador lives in the coastal plains. While still mostly rural a few decades ago, 60% of the population now lives in the cities, with Guayaquil 2.6 million and Quito 1.8 million being the largest cities, followed by Santo Domingo and Cuenca with about half a million inhabitants each. The Amazon region, commonly referred to as the Oriente (East) remains sparsely populated with only about 3% of the population. The 2021 population growth is ?1.14% and continues to fall, and is expected to be negative shortly. Its mortality rate has gone up a bit, due to COVID19 and stood at 5.1 in the period 2020 - 2021 deaths per 1,000 people, still, among the lowest in the world.

 

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: View of Quito from the Pichincha Cable Cart

Quito is the capital of Ecuador, providing living space to about 2.7 million inhabitants.

 

Interesting fact: Economy of Ecuador of Ecuador

Being the smallest OPEC country, the Ecuadorian economy is based on petroleum production, manufacturing primarily for the domestic market, commerce, and agricultural crops for both national consumption and export.  Oil exports account for 50% of all export revenues, amounting to $8,600,000 in oil exports in  2021. Ecuador is the major player on the world's shrimp market with a value of $5,000,000,000 in 2020. When 2022 numbers are finalized, global shrimp production is expected to be up 4 percent to 5.6 million metric tons, following an 11.5 percent increase in 2021. Much of the growth is being driven by Ecuador. Rabobank senior analyst Gorjan Nikolik said the almost 41 percent growth seen in 2021 in Ecuador was "the single largest nominal growth of any aquaculture industry." After an expected 18 percent-plus growth in 2022, production in Ecuador could reach an estimated 1.3 million metric tons. 2021 mining was valued at $2,090,000 and is expected to double by the end of 2023. In 2020, Ecuador exported $3.83B in Bananas, making it the 1st largest exporter of Bananas in the world. Tourism has been steadily growing with a pre-covid value in 2019 of  1,100,000,000, but no current data could be found. Cut flowers amounted to $475 in 2021 and is expected to more that double in 2022 passing $1,000,000 by the end of the year. The 2020 cacao export value was $819,000,000, canned fish worth $600,000,000, and cars export was valued at $400,000,000.

 

In general, te economy of Ecudor is expected to grow significantly under the current president Lasso, while the government debt is expected to gradually go down.

Interesting fact: Cut Flowers form a rapidly growing export product.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Flowers are a prime export product of Ecuador

 

A Fun Fact: Ecuador is very rich in tourist attractions with highlights being:

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Metropolitan Cathedral of Quito

Colonial Old Town city of Ecuador's capital Quito and World Heritage Site.

Historic city Cuenca and World Heritage Site.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Cuenca

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Art market in Otavalo

Historical city Otavalo with art market.

Ingapirca is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Ingapirca Temple of the Sun with inca walls

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Crucero train departing from Quito Chambacalle Train Station.

With the totally restored antique train system, Cool fact: Ecuador has now the greatest tourist train system in the Americas!

On this page we list almost 100 museums facts of Ecuador, including 40+ museums of Quito, all with features, addresses and opening hours.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Golden Sun Mask Banco Central / Casa de Cultura, National Museum, Quito, Ecuador

 

A Cool fact: 59 National Parks and Protected Areas of Ecuador:

100 FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Map of 50 National Park and Protected areas of Ecuador

 

The 59 national parks and reserves of Ecuador cover almost a fifth of the territory of the country. What is so surprising though is that the majority of those parks is unknown to the public. Even  tour operators are unfamiliar with most of those parks. That is why Parks and Tribes developed the National Parks Tour to promote visitation to the national parks and reserves. Visitation is very important, because only through visitation and the tourism industry based on park visits, will the protected areas system become politically important to politicians.

 

Fun Fact about Ecuador: Some of the best national parks:

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Bartelome Island at Galapagos National Park

Galapagos National Park.

Find out why the Cuyabeno Faunistic Reserve is the best Amazon park in the world. The guides of the Cuyabeno Lodge, are widely known for the knowledge about birds as well as other Amazon Jungle Animals and Amazon Rainforest Plants.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve visitors

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Lake at Cajas National Park, Ecuador

Cajas National Park. Our Andes Trek, Ecuador program includes the best National Parks of Ecuador in the Andes as well as the famous cultural highlights. 

Machalilla National Park.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Tourists with Blue-footed Booby at cliff, Isla de la Plata.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Red Mangrove forests at the Padific coast of Ecuador

The best Mangrove in Ecuador: Reserva Ecol?ica Cayapas-Mataje.

Ecuador is positioned in the northern humid central Andes, as opposed to the Andes South of Ecuador, which are notoriously dry to deserts until the middle of Chili, where temperate and gradual polar conditions are again accompanied with abundant rain and snow.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Map of the Andes

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Tourism Map of Ecuador

Click on the detailed tourist map for 100 fun & interesting facts about Ecuador.

The brand new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport is the most accessible and most modern airport of all of South America. 2 brand new 4-lane highways get you in and out of Quito in 30 minutes, which is un-matched by any other national airport in South America. Accessible to the largest airplanes and fabulous arrival and departure services.

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: The new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport Departure Hall

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: The new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport VIP room100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: The new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport shopping areal

The cool VIP lounge at the new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport

 

How far is it from:

Distances* Ecuador from town centers

Road distance

Quito

Ambato

?135km

Road distance

Quito

Ba?s

 ?185km

Road distance

Quito

Cuenca

?440km

Road distance

Quito

Guyaquil

?430km

Road distance

Quito

Ingaprica

?370km

Road distance

Quito

Lago Agrio

 ?260km

Road distance

Quito

Loja

?640km

Road distance

Quito

Machala

?505km

Road distance

Quito

Riobamba

?200km

Road distance

Quito

Santo Domingo

?135km

Road distance

Quito

Tulcan

?216km

Road distance

Cuenca

Ingapirca

?80km

Road distance

Cuenca

Cajas National Park

?30km

Road distance

Cuenca

Guyaquil

?200km

Road distance

Lago Agrio

Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve

?130km

* Rounded up as the precise travel distances depend on the locations of departure and arrival.

 

To help you discover 100 fun and interesting fact about Ecuador, we organize a variety of tours throughout Ecuador: Galapagos National Park, Cuyabeno Amazon visits with the best Cuyabeno Lodge rates, Ecuador Amazon Expeditions, Galapagos National Park Cruises and Ecuador Andes Treks.

 

For detailed information on climate and weather conditions read: climate of Cuenca, Ecuador; climate Galapagos Islands in Ecuador; climate in the Amazon of Ecuador and climate of Ecuador. If you want to learn more about the country.

 

Dear visitor, our website gives you info about our National Parks Tours, our Galapagos programs, the Cuyabeno Loop, as well as our Cuyabeno  and Cofan Lodges in the Amazon.   For those who want to combine the Exuberant Nature of Ecuador with the Famous culture of Peru, we even have a 7 days Highlights of Peru extension! Our website gives you the best information on the internet, because we are the only tour operator run by professional biologists. Take a look:

 

OUR PARKS AND TRIBES ECO TOURS

(Scroll down for the full description of the current page)

AMAZON RIVER CRUISE ECUADOR: In Ecuador, birding is for all ages.

 NEW! CUYABENO DAY TRIP

For those that are limited in time, we are now organizing the Cuyabeno Day Trip that takes you at 9 AM from the park entrance to the surroundings of Lake Cuyabeno, to the Siona village and back by 5 PM.

 

 

Price: $ 99

 1 days

RÍO NAPO LODGE TOUR, ECUADOR: La plataforma en el árbol de Ceibo de la comunidad Kichwa Añagu.

NEW YASUNI / NAPO RIVER TOUR

Lodges along Yasuní National Park are exesively expensive and just orgazide along each lodge. We decided to organize a fabulous and affordable tour to all the highlights along the Napo, while staying in 2 different decent Quichua lodges

 

 

Price: $ 450

3 days

viaje a Cuyabeno

 NEW LAGARTOCOCHA EXPEDITION

The most remote part of the Amazon is the Lagartococha lake system at the border with Peru. Hosted in a Sequoya Indian Village

 

 

Price: $ 450

 4 days

admirando la increíble vida silvestre

CUYABENO LOOP

The Cuyabeno Loop explores the breathtaking scenery of lower Cuyabeno and Zábalo Rivers and the Cuyabeno Lake. Watch the amazing birds and wildlife. Pass 2 nights with the amazing Cofan Indians in the Cofan Lodge and enjoy 2 nights of comfort in the famous Cuyabeno Lodge.

Price: $ 799

5 days

 

admirando las increíbles aves

 LAGARTO COCHA EXPEDITION

The Lagarto Cocha Expedition on hidden creeks and lakes is the best Amazon journey in Ecuador! Discover Indian tribes in Ecuador, Monkeys, Sloths, Dolphins. No other Amazon rainforest in any of the Amazon-Andean countries can match the wildlife viewing of Lagartococha!

 

 

Price: from $ 450

4 days

Laguna Cuyabeno

CUYABENO LAKE PROGRAMS

The Cuyabeno Lake Programs explores all the wild places surrounding the Cuyabeno Lake. Bonsai-shaped Macrolobia trees with the whispering of the mysterious prehistoric Hoatzin birds and the noisy Blue and Yellow Macaws. Our Cuyabeno Lodge is on the best location, because we were the first and chose the best location on a seasonal island in the Cuyabeno Lake itself.

Price:  from $ 390

4 - 5 days

 

Chimborazo con Lamas

NORTHERN ANDES CUSTOM ECO TOUR

Our Northern Andes Tour lets you get a taste of some of the best Andean National Parks, visiting the highest groves in the world: the Polylepis trees, the highest mountain in the world calculated from the center of the Earth, the Chimborazo with Vecuñas and Lamas, the highest active volcano in the world, the Cotopaxi.

 

 

Price: from $750

5 days

Cascada San Rafael

NATIONAL PARKS TOUR

Our National Parks Tours take you on a fantastic journey along the best possible sample of Andean and coastal parks. They have been designed to complement Galapagos and/or Amazon cruises. They can start from different places, particularly Quito, Guayaquil and Cuenca. While the full program lasts 9 days, it is possible to make a limited selection of parks, like the 6 days' "Andes and Coast" module.

Precio: $ 1999

9 days

 

Bartelome ent Galapagos

GALAPAGOS LAST MINUTE

We have a fabulous selection of Galapagos programs, including cruises, island hopping, scuba diving or relaxing on one of the many different hotels varying from modest inns to deluxe resorts.

 

 

 

Price: from $ 550

From 3 days

25 COOLEST THINGS TO DO IN PERU [LIMA,CUSCO, MACHU PICCHU]: Inca wall in Cusco.

PERU HIGHLIGHTS

A fabulous program for visiting the most famous cultural highlights Lima, Cusco, Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley. At the same time it serves as the Lima hub for the Peru National Parks Tour. This module is an extension to our National Parks Tour Ecuador and/or Galapagos National Park and/or Amazon Cruises.

Precio: $ 1199

7 days

Continuation of the current theme

100 COOL, FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY

PARKS & TRIBES Travel Agency

Street: Las Casas, Side street: Jose Coudrin, 2 blocks above the Occidental Highway

Cantón Quito, Prov. Pichincha, Parroquia Belisario Quevedo

Tel: (++593)(02) 2 2324 4086, Cell phone: (++593) (0) 99 283 2187 Whatsapp: (++)1 304 901 0718

Email: info@parks-and-tribes.com

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