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Top 100 Fun & Weird Facts About Ecuador

  1. Best Ecotours

  2. Geography

  3. Economy

  4. Smallest OPEC Country

  5. World's Largest Shrimp Production

  6. Flowers for Export

  7. Old Town Quito and Capital

  8. Majosr Tourism Destination

  9. History

  10. Population of Ecuador

  11. 9 Climate Zones

  12. New Quito Airport Mariscal Sucre

  13. Best of 59 National Parks

  14. 5 World Heritage Sites

  15. Old Town Cuenca

  16. Ingapirca

  1. Indigenous Market Town Otavalo

  2. Central Andes Valley

  3. Outdoors Activities Capital Banos

  4. Crucero Train

  5. 100 Museums in Ecuador; 40+ in Quito

  6. Galapagos National Park

  7. Cuyabeno National Park

  8. Cajas National Park

  9. Churute Mangroves Reserve

  10. Machalilla National Park

  11. Vicunas at Chimborazo National Park

  12. Cotopaxi National Park

  13. Best tour Napo-Yasuni

  14. Best Lagartocoche Expedition

  1. Cuyabeno Lodge; the best Cuyabeno Lake package from the first eco lodge at the best place on a peninsula of the Laguna Cuyabeno;

  2. NEW! Napo River / Yasuni tour, this tour takes you to all the beautiful places along the Napo / Yasuní without ridiculous prices;

  3. NEW! Lagartocoche lakes this package takes you to the most hidden corner of the Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve at the border with Peru;

  4. NEW! Cuyabeno Loop, this is the only package that takes you trough the entire Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve;

  5. NEW! Cuyabeno new daytrip, If you are short of  time or money this is the package for you;

  6. Cofan Lodge/Zabalo Southern Cuyabeno package; the Cofan tribe hosts you from their Cofan Lodge in the Southern part of Cuyabeno.

  7. 7 DAYS PERU HIGHLIGHTS, Lima, Cusco & Machu Picchu in 7 days!


Interesting facts about Ecuador: Geography

Ecuador is a small country in South America, with an area of 276,841 km2, which is about the size of Colorado in the United States and half the size of France. Despite its small size, Ecuador is home to a variety of interesting facts, culture, and products. One of the unique features of Ecuador is its accessibility by bus. Most destinations within the country can be reached within a day's trip by bus, and the more upscale bus services offer comfortable travel options at affordable prices. In addition to bus travel, daily flights are also available to all major cities in Ecuador, allowing for getting to other cities with flights of only 30-45 minutes. If you're interested in learning more about Ecuador, check out our list of 100 interesting facts about Ecuador. You can find information on a variety of topics, including culture, history, and the principal products of Ecuador.


100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Bartelome Island at Galapagos National Park100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Ecuador flag

Best known for its Galapagos Islands, Ecuador has much more to offer.

The Flag of Ecuador



An advanced indigenous culture in Ecuador flourished long before the area was conquered by the Inca Empire: Learn many other fun facts about Ecuador.  Still about a dozen languages are spoken besides the official Spanish  language and the widely spoken Inca language Quichua. For a brief period of time, Ecuador was part of the Inca empire until the Spanish overthrew Inca rule in 1533. Ingapirca, a World Cultural Heritage Site, is the most northern remaining Inca fortress after most pre-colonial buildings have destroyed by the Spanish.


It is an interesting but not a fun fact about the history of Ecuador: Much of the indigenous population was wiped out by disease brought over with the Spanish conquerors, as well as by cruel treatment as many natives were forced into the "encomienda" labor system for Spanish landlords. In 1563, Quito became the seat of a royal "audiencia" (administrative district) of Spain and formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717, which combined today's Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador. During this period, many great churches were built in Quito were built in Quito. In 1822, the territory declared independence as Gran Colombia. In 1830 Ecuador split off from the federation. Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors and several border issues remained in dispute. In 1999 all disputes were resolved after a brief border war with Peru in 1995 had set off negotiations under the guidance of Brazil, Argentina, Chile and the USA. The country now has enjoyed almost 4 decades of democracy, although civil unrest and major protests have led to the ouster of three of Ecuador's last five democratically elected Presidents. Enrique Lasso is the current president.


With 2.7million inhabitants, Quito, Ecuador's capital, is the second largest city and main hub for traveling within the country, both by air and by bus. Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport services most major cities and provincial towns on a daily basis; several flights per day to Ecuador's largest city, Guayaquil and the national harbor Manta. The largest city is Guayaquil, Ecuador's Galapagos hub and industrial giant.


100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: View of Quito from the Pichincha Cable CartFUN THINGS TO DO IN GUAYAQUIL, ECUADOR & GLAMPING: Malecon, Rotonda Monument.

Quito is the nation's capital.

Guayaquil is the nation's largest city.


The country is divided into three distinct regions: the coastal lowlands, the Andean mountains, and the Amazon lowlands. The Andean mountains, which are part of the Andes Mountain Range, are home to the highest peak in Ecuador, the Chimborazo, which stands at an elevation of 6,267 meters above sea level. Despite being lower in elevation above than Mount Everest, the world's highest peak, Mount Chimborazo is actually further away from the center of the earth due to the earth being slightly wider at the equator. The Andes Mountain Range is known for its high levels of geological activity, such as earthquakes, thermal springs, and active volcanoes. In addition to the Andes, another geologically active region of Ecuador is are Galapagos Islands, about 1000km east in the Pacific Ocean.


100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Map of the AndesDID THE 9 CLIMATE REGIONS OF ECUADOR CHANGE?: Map of climate types and mean precipitation per region.

The country is divided in 3 zones: The Andes highlands in the middle, with the Pacific coast and the Amazon region at each side. Ecuador is positioned in the northern humid Central Andes, as opposed to the Andes South of Ecuador, which are notoriously dry to deserts until the middle of Chili, where temperate and gradual polar conditions are again accompanied with abundant rain and snow.

The 9 main climate zones of Ecuador.  Click here for the map of the 9 climate zones and weather of Ecuador to enlarge.


Climatically, Ecuador has 9 different climate zones, with some of the world's highest rainfall along the North-western and all of the Eastern Andes slopes. By contrast is has semi desert conditions along the southern coast. Temperatures vary from tropically hot along the coast and in the Amazon to polar on the glaciers of the mountains. The Central valley of the Andes is particularly comfortable with a permanently spring-like climate.

Interesting fact: Population of Ecuador

In 2021, the population was 17.89 million, a third of which living in the two largest cities: capital Quito, with a population of 1.9 million people and Ecuador's harbor Guayaquil with 3 million inhabitants in 2021. The largest ethnic group are Mestizos, (mixed Amerindians and Europians), making up 72%; 7% are Amerindian, while people of  African descent, mainly in the provinces of Imbabura and Esmeraldas, making up 7%; Caucasians 12.  Although Ecuadorians originally were traditionally heavily concentrated in the mountainous central Andes valley, nowadays half the population Ecuador lives in the coastal plains. While still mostly rural a few decades ago, 60% of the population now lives in the cities, with Guayaquil 2.6 million and Quito 1.8 million being the largest cities, followed by Santo Domingo and Cuenca with about half a million inhabitants each. The Amazon region, commonly referred to as the Oriente (East) remains sparsely populated with only about 3% of the population. The 2021 population growth is about 1.14% and continues to fall, and is expected to be negative shortly. Its mortality rate has gone up a bit, due to COVID19 and stood at 5.1 in the period 2020 - 2021 deaths per 1,000 people, still, among the lowest in the world.


Interesting fact: Economy of Ecuador

OPEC country, Ecuador Facts: oil, bananas, shrimps, INCAS & ECO TOURISM. Our Amazon Eco- & Culture Tours to National Parks are unequaled yet economical; Read More..... Manufacturing is primarily for the domestic market, commerce, and agricultural crops for both national consumption and export.  Oil exports account for 50% of all export revenues, amounting to $8,600,000 in oil exports in  2021. Ecuador is the major player on the world's shrimp market with a value of $5,000,000,000 in 2020. When 2022 numbers are finalized, global shrimp production is expected to be up 4 percent to 5.6 million metric tons, following an 11.5 percent increase in 2021. Much of the growth is being driven by Ecuador. Rabobank senior analyst Gorjan Nikolik said the almost 41 percent growth seen in 2021 in Ecuador was "the single largest nominal growth of any aquaculture industry." After an expected 18 percent-plus growth in 2022, production in Ecuador could reach an estimated 1.3 million metric tons. 2021 mining was valued at $2,090,000 and is expected to double by the end of 2023. In 2020, Ecuador exported $3.83B in Bananas, making it the 1st largest exporter of Bananas in the world. Tourism has been steadily growing with a pre-covid value in 2019 of  1,100,000,000, but no current data could be found. Cut flowers amounted to $475 in 2021 and is expected to more that double in 2022 passing $1,000,000 by the end of the year. The 2020 cacao export value was $819,000,000, canned fish worth $600,000,000, and cars export was valued at $400,000,000.


In general, the economy of Ecuador is expected to grow significantly under the current president Lasso, while the government debt is expected to gradually go down.


100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Flowers are a prime export product of Ecuador


Tourism vs Oil exploitation in the Amazon along Yasuni National Park.

Flowers form a rapidly growing export product.


100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: The new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport Departure Hall100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: The new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport VIP room100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: The new Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport shopping areal

The New Quito Mariscal Sucre Airport is the most accessible and most modern airport of all of South America. 2 brand new 4-lane highways get you in and out of Quito in 30 minutes, which is un-matched by any other national airport in South America. Accessible to the largest airplanes and fabulous arrival and departure services and icludes a modern VIP lounge.


A Fun Fact: Ecuador is very rich in Tourist Attractions with Highlights on this tourism map:



Click on the detailed tourist map for 100 fun & weird facts about Ecuador.


Ecuador fact: 5 UNESCO World heritage sites

  1. Capital Quito

  2. Old town Cuenca

  3. Ingapirca

  4. Galapagos Islands

  5. Sangay National Park


100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Metropolitan Cathedral of Quito100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Cuenca

Colonial Old Town city of Ecuador's capital Quito was the first UNESCO World Heritage Site ever.

Historic City of Cuenca  is another architectonical jewel and World Heritage site in Central-South Ecuador and a must to visit.


100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Ingapirca Temple of the Sun with inca wallsWHY VISIT THE GALAPAGOS ISLANDS?: Giant Tortoise at Galapagos national parkECUADOR LANDMARKS: EXPEDITIONS TO THE HIGHLANDS OF THE ANDES: Chimborazo, seen on Andes treks in Ecuador.

Ingapirca is the third historic UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Galapagos National Park and Sangay National Parks are 2 natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites.


In fact among the most fun places in Ecuador are Otavalo and Banos.

100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Art market in OtavaloBANOS ECUADOR: HOT SPRINGS AND SPA: rafting on the Pastaza River.

Famous for its art market, is the city of Otavalo

The most existing town of Ecuador is Banos de Aguas Santos with volcanic baths and a dozen of outdoors activities.


Fun fact: Ecuador restored all of its historic Railway system

ECUADOR TRAIN TICKETS, TOURS &  TRIPS ON THE SYSTEM: The steam train is met by Ecuadorian cowboys along the track. ECUADOR TRAIN TICKETS, TOURS &  TRIPS ON THE SYSTEM: Crucero train following a river bed along the Andes flancs.

With the totally restored antique train system, Fun fact: Ecuador has now the greatest tourist train system in the Americas!

The Crucero trains takes you in 3 days from in the Andes to Guayaquil at the coast, riding along the Andes mountains.


The least known not so weird fact: Ecuador's 70 Protected Areas System

100 FUN & INTERESTING FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Map of 50 National Park and Protected areas of Ecuador

An interestingfact: 59 National Parks and Protected Areas of Ecuador map. Click on the map for the most detailed map on the internet.


The 70 national parks and reserves of Ecuador cover almost a fifth of the territory of the country. What is so surprising though is that the majority of those parks is unknown to the public. Even  tour operators are unfamiliar with most of those parks. That is why Parks and Tribes developed the National Parks Tour to promote visitation to the national parks and reserves. Visitation is very important, because only through visitation and the tourism industry based on park visits, will the protected areas system become politically important to politicians.


Interesting Fact about Ecuador: Some of the best national parks:

100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve visitorsOn an Andes Treks in Ecuador: a hike through Cajas National Park.

Find out why the Cuyabeno Faunistic Reserve is the best Amazon park in the world. The guides of the Cuyabeno Lodge, are widely known for the knowledge about birds as well as other Amazon Jungle Animals and Amazon Rainforest Plants.

Cajas National Park. Our Andes Trek, Ecuador program includes the best National Parks of Ecuador in the Andes as well as the famous cultural highlights. 


100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Tourists with Blue-footed Booby at cliff, Isla de la Plata.100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Red Mangrove forests at the Padific coast of Ecuador

Machalilla National Park is the most visited national park at the coast.

The best Mangrove in Ecuador, Reserva Ecologica Cayapas-Mataje is in fact the best with the tallest mangrove trees in South America.


Finally, on this page we list almost 100 museums of Ecuador, including 40+ museums of Quito, all with features, addresses and opening hours.


100 FUN & WEIRD FACTS ECUADOR: CULTURE, HISTORY: Golden Sun Mask Banco Central / Casa de Cultura, National Museum, Quito, EcuadorNATIONAL MUSEUM ECUADOR & QUITO's 40+ MUSEUMS: Pre-colonial grave, National Museum in Quito, Ecuador

The most famous artifact is the golden mask at the National Museum.

Some of the displays in the museums of Ecuador are just stunning and you should visit at least one or two


How far is it from:

Distances* Ecuador from town centers

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Lago Agrio


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Santo Domingo


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Cajas National Park


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Lago Agrio

Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve


* Rounded up as the precise travel distances depend on the locations of departure and arrival.



To help you discover some of the 100  interesting facts about Ecuador, we organize a variety of tours throughout Ecuador: Galapagos National Park, Cuyabeno Amazon visits with the best Cuyabeno Lodge rates, Ecuador Amazon Expeditions, Galapagos National Park Cruises and Ecuador Andes Treks.


For detailed information on climate and weather conditions read: climate of Cuenca, Ecuador; climate Galapagos Islands in Ecuador; climate in the Amazon of Ecuador and climate of Ecuador. If you want to learn more about the country.


Dear visitor, our website gives you info about our National Parks Tours, our Galapagos programs, the Cuyabeno Loop, as well as our Cuyabeno  and Cofan Lodges in the Amazon.   For those who want to combine the Exuberant Nature of Ecuador with the Famous culture of Peru, we even have a 7 days Highlights of Peru extension! Our website gives you the best information on the internet, like Ecuador Travel Guide, because we are the only tour operator run by professional biologists. Take a look:



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AMAZON RIVER CRUISE ECUADOR: In Ecuador, birding is for all ages.


For those that are limited in time, we are now organizing the Cuyabeno Day Trip that takes you at 9 AM from the park entrance to the surroundings of Lake Cuyabeno, to the Siona village and back by 5 PM.




Price: from $ 99

 1 día

RÍO NAPO LODGE TOUR, ECUADOR: La plataforma en el árbol de Ceibo de la comunidad Kichwa Añagu.


Lodges along Yasuni ­ National Park are excessively expensive and excursions are just organized close to each lodge. We developed a fabulous and affordable tour to all the highlights along the Napo, while staying in 2 different decent Quichua lodges.



Price: from $ 450

3 days

viaje a Cuyabeno


The most remote part of the Amazon is the Lagartocoche lake system at the border with Peru. Hosted in a Secoya Indian Village.


Price: from $ 450

 4 days

admirando la increíble vida silvestre


The Cuyabeno Loop explores the breathtaking scenery of the lower Cuyabeno and Zabalo Rivers and the Cuyabeno Lake. Watch the amazing birds and wildlife. Pass 2 nights with the amazing Cofan Indians in the Cofan Lodge and enjoy 2 nights of comfort in the famous Cuyabeno Lodge.

Price: from $ 799

5 days


admirando las increíbles aves


Located in Southern Cuyabeno, the Cofan Lodge is the only lodge in that part of the Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve with quality programs and great facilities. It is owned by the Cofan Indians and provides a totally different experience from any other lodge in Cuyabeno.



Price: from $ 450

4 days

Laguna Cuyabeno


The Cuyabeno Lake Programs explores all the wild places surrounding the Cuyabeno Lake. Bonsai-shaped Macrolobia trees with the whispering of the mysterious prehistoric Hoatzin birds and the noisy Blue and Yellow Macaws. Our Cuyabeno Lodge is on the best location, because we were the first lodge and chose the best location right on a seasonal island in Lake Cuyabeno.

Price: from $ 390

4 - 5 days


Chimborazo con Lamas


Our Northern Andes Tour lets you get a taste of some of the best Andean National Parks, visiting the highest groves in the world: the Polylepis trees, the highest mountain in the world calculated from the center of the Earth, the Chimborazo with Vecunhas and Lamas, the highest active volcano in the world, the Cotopaxi.


Price: from $750

5 days

Cascada San Rafael


Our National Parks Tours take you on a fantastic journey along the best possible sample of Andean and coastal parks. They have been designed to complement Galapagos and/or Amazon cruises. They can start from different places, particularly Quito, Guayaquil and Cuenca. While the full program lasts 9 days, it is possible to make a limited selection of parks, like the 6 days' "Andes and Coast" module.

Price: from $ 1999

9 days


Bartelome ent Galapagos


We have a fabulous selection of Galapagos programs, including cruises, island hopping, scuba diving or relaxing on one of the many different hotels varying from modest inns to deluxe resorts.



Price: from $ 550

From 3 days



A fabulous program for visiting the most famous cultural highlights Lima, Cusco, Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley. At the same time it serves as the Lima hub for the Peru National Parks Tour. This module is an extension to our National Parks Tour Ecuador and/or Galapagos National Park and/or Amazon Cruises.

Price: from $ 1199

7 days

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PARKS & TRIBES Travel Agency in Quito
Ecuador Address: Las Casas, Crossing Street: Jose Coudrin, 2 streets above the Occidental Highway, Canton Quito, Prov. Pichincha, Neighborhood Belisario Quevedo 
Tel: (++593)(02) 2 2324 4086, Cell: (++593) (0) 99 283 2187 USA: (++)1 304 901 0718
Email: info@parks-and-tribes.com